How to Prevent and Relieve Hemorrhoids?
Overview (What are hemorrhoids?) :
- In one sense, everyone has hemorrhoids (or piles), the pillow-like clusters of veins that lie just beneath the mucous membranes lining the lowest part of the rectum and the anus. The condition most of us call hemorrhoids (or piles) develops when those veins become swollen and distended, like varicose veins in the legs. Because the blood vessels involved must continually battle gravity to get blood back up to the heart, some people believe hemorrhoids are part of the price we pay for being upright creatures.
- There are two kinds of hemorrhoids: internal hemorrhoids, which occur in the lower rectum, and external hemorrhoids, which develop under the skin around the anus. External hemorrhoids are the most uncomfortable because the overlying skin becomes irritated and erodes. If a blood clot forms inside external hemorrhoid, the pain can be sudden and severe. You might feel or see a lump around the anus. The clot usually dissolves, leaving excess skin, which may itch or become irritated.
- Internal hemorrhoids are typically painless, even when they produce bleeding. You might, for example, see bright red blood on the toilet paper or dripping into the toilet bowl. Internal hemorrhoids may also prolapse, or extend beyond the anus, causing several potential problems. When a hemorrhoid protrudes, it can collect small amounts of mucus and tiny stool particles that may irritate called pruritus ani. Wiping constantly to try to relieve the itching can worsen the problem.
1. The most important thing is to develop proper bowel habits.
2. The squatting position for defecation is more reasonable. According to modern medical understanding, hemorrhoids are caused by the “downward shift of the anal cushion”, and the root cause of the downward shift of the anal cushion is the increased pressure in the rectal cavity. Walking upright makes the pressure in the rectal cavity of humans more than in other animals, which is the fundamental reason for the high incidence of hemorrhoids. And during defecation, the rectal lumen pressure is highest. In both humans and animals, it is the structure of the body that determines the function, and everything is achieved through a long evolutionary process. For example, the shape of our limbs determines that we are suitable for walking upright, but not for walking on all fours. The same is true for defecation, humans have been squatting for millions of years, and the entire body structure is best suited to this position. Therefore, when decorating the house, not installing the bidet toilet is a good choice.
3. When using the bidet toilet, step on a stool under your feet, which is close to the squatting position. But whether this is useful is still controversial, so it is safer to use the squatting toilet.
4. Never squat on the bidet toilet, although many people do so, especially when staying in hotels, will feel that this is more hygienic. However, the toilet is not as strong as we think, often appears to be stepped on collapse, and a broken toilet is a very dangerous thing, and can cause serious trauma to people. So don’t do it!
5. The shorter the length of the bowel movement is better. Since the pressure in the rectal cavity is highest during defecation, shortening the duration of defecation is also an effective measure to prevent hemorrhoids by concentrating on defecation and not doing anything else. There is no clear statement on how long a bowel movement should be controlled, but to improve operability, you may want to set a time limit for yourself, such as within 3 minutes.
6. If you defecate for more than 3 minutes, whether squatting or sitting, it may cause numbness in your legs, which also poses a great risk, and it is also very dangerous if you fall when you stand up. Therefore, the shorter the defecation time, the better.
7. Never take your phone into the toilet. The same goes for books, newspapers, and magazines. In short, don’t do anything that makes you have fun in those few minutes.
8. Don’t stand and sit for long periods. Since standing upright can cause increased pressure in the rectal cavity, standing and sitting for a long time will naturally have the same effect. So, avoid it as much as possible. For high-intensity work, it is common to forget the time when you are busy, which requires a mandatory reminder. Set an alarm for your phone and get up and move around every 40 minutes to an hour.
9. Theoretically, lying down all the time helps prevent hemorrhoids. But remember, don’t use this as a reason to lie down all the time. This can increase the risk of deep vein thrombosis in the lower extremities, and even if you stay at home, you should get up and move around regularly.
10. Alcohol and peppers are triggers, try to stay away. Although from the principle of consideration, diet does not cause hemorrhoids. However, irritating foods can induce it, which can cause a very strong discomfort in the affected area.
Frequently Asked Questions About Hemorrhoids:
Q: Do hemorrhoids go away on their own?
A: In many cases, hemorrhoids will go away on their own within a few days, including prolapsed hemorrhoids.
Q: What is the best way to get rid of hemorrhoids?
- Eat high-fiber foods. Eat more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Doing so softens the stool and increases its bulk, which will help you avoid the straining that can worsen symptoms from existing hemorrhoids. Add fiber to your diet slowly to avoid problems with gas.
- Use topical treatments. Apply an over-the-counter hemorrhoid cream or suppository containing hydrocortisone, or use pads containing witch hazel or a numbing agent.
- Soak regularly in a warm bath or sitz bath. Soak your anal area in plain warm water for 10 to 15 minutes two to three times a day. A sitz bath fits over the toilet.
- Take oral pain relievers. You can use acetaminophen (Tylenol, others), aspirin, or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) temporarily to help relieve your discomfort.
Q: How do you know if you have hemorrhoid?
A: See blood on the toilet paper or in the toilet bowl when you go to the bathroom. Get moist, pink bumps around the edge of or bulging out from your anus (These may look purple or blue, too.)
Q: How long do hemorrhoids take to heal?
A: Simple lifestyle changes can often relieve mild hemorrhoid symptoms within 2 to 7 days. Add fiber to your diet with over-the-counter supplements and foods like fruit, vegetables, and grains. Try not to strain during bowel movements; drinking more water can make it easier to go.