My friend suggested that I should have my thyroid checked during my medical checkup. I think it is useless. Should I check it?
1. In recent years, the incidence of thyroid cancer has increased rapidly, and it is recommended that neck ultrasonography be added to the annual physical examination. It is recommended that women over the age of 35 and men over the age of 40 should include neck ultrasonography as part of their annual physical examination. The cost is not high, but the preventive effect is good. If there is a family history of thyroid disease, check up 15 years in advance, i.e. over 25 for men and over 20 for women.
2. If the physical examination reveals abnormalities, the report will indicate the presence, location, and size of thyroid nodules, single or multiple. The incidence of multiple nodules is higher than that of single nodules, but the incidence of single nodule thyroid cancer is higher.
3. If there is a single thyroid nodule, it is recommended to follow up regularly. The best period is 6 months. During follow-up, try to choose the same hospital for B-ultrasound to compare whether there is any change in the nodule. Moreover, if the doctor recommends related tests such as ECT, follow the doctor’s order to determine the nature of the nodule.
4. Once thyroid cancer is diagnosed, surgical resection is the first choice, and the effect of surgical treatment is good. Starting in 2021, thyroid cancer is no longer covered by cancer insurance, which means that the disease is no longer considered a malignant tumor. We can relax our minds and live a normal life according to the relevant requirements.
5. After recovering well from the surgery the small wound will be a thin line, which can be covered by a silk scarf and can also be considered as a neckline, which is not obvious. If you are particularly concerned about the details of the neck, you can ask the surgeon to operate on the thyroid gland from the mouth.
6. In addition to surgical treatment methods, there are also methods such as ablation therapy and drug suppression therapy.
7. Thyroid cancer is considered to be a relatively well-behaved cancer. Papillary thyroid cancer accounts for more than 80% of all thyroid cancers and is also known as the “lazy cancer”. It is also known as “lazy cancer” because it is usually slow-growing, less malignant, and rarely causes complications.
8. After the resection, lifelong follow-up should be adhered to, and the inspection items include neck ultrasound and thyroid function testing.
Diet should pay attention to:
- Consume high-protein and high-fiber foods, mainly vegetables, fruits, meat, eggs, and milk.
- Avoid greasy, spicy, and stimulating foods.
- Quit smoking and alcohol.
9. The cause of thyroid cancer is not certain and there is no definite prevention method. It can be detected early through regular physical examination and screening to improve the cure rate and survival rate. In addition, radioactive exposure should be avoided and iodine intake should be reasonably controlled. If you live in coastal areas and often eat foods with high iodine content such as sea fish and kelp, it is recommended to choose edible salt without iodine to avoid excessive iodine intake.
Frequently Asked Questions About the Thyroid:
Q: How Do I Know That I Have a Thyroid Problem?
A: A simple blood test to check your thyroid hormone levels is all that’s needed to find out if you have hypothyroidism. For hyperthyroidism, your doctor will see if your thyroid gland is bigger than it should be or if your pulse is too fast.
Q: What Problems Can Thyroid Cause?
A: When your thyroid is underproducing or overproducing, it can cause bothersome symptoms such as irritability, fatigue, weight loss, weight gain, and more. Four common issues associated with the thyroid include Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, Graves’ disease, goiter (enlarged thyroid), and thyroid nodules.
Q: How Does Thyroid Affect the Body?
A: The main job of the thyroid is to control your metabolism. Metabolism is the process that your body uses to transform food into energy your body uses to function. The thyroid creates the hormones T4 and T3 to control your metabolism. These hormones work throughout the body to tell the body’s cells how much energy to use.
Q: How Can I Check My Thyroid at Home?
A: According to Steven D. Shapiro MD, at-home thyroid tests are very easy to use. “They are sent directly to your house, require an easy finger prick, and are sent back in the mail. Most kit providers can turn results around within just a few days, similar to the wait-time for in-person lab results.”